If you’re new to CVE, this Toolkit covers the basics of how to incorporate CVE elements in your work – including an introduction to the field, tips on developing relevant content and steps that should be undertaken for effective programming.

The Toolkit has been designed by HIVE [karachi] in view of the potential needs of organizations operating within Pakistan. However, it may be a useful guide for a wide range of local and international stakeholders.


CVE is a broad term that refers to initiatives aiming to reduce the spread of ideologically motivated violence. Responding to the rise of violent extremism (VE) around the world, CVE is a fast-growing field that covers a range of policy and programming interventions.

CVE programs may focus on:

  • Peacebuilding
  • Conflict resolution
  • Various forms of activism (protests، street movements، sit-ins etc.)
  • Advocacy (campaigning to improve legislation)
  • Promotion of arts and culture
  • Building support for democratic values & human rights (e.g. pluralism، interfaith/interethnic harmony، social cohesion)
  • Development assistance in conflict areas


Keep It Local: Context is everything. The key to developing good content is to tailor it in accordance with local dynamics. Messaging that resonates with the culture, values and history of a place will always be more powerful than generic definitions and frameworks.

Keep It Current: With the fast-moving pace of social media and ‘breaking news’ packages, content must be continually adapted to respond to current challenges and debates.

Keep It Real: Providing audiences with real-life stories and examples they can identify with is a surefire way of driving a point home. It creates valuable human connections and often helps in translating abstract concepts into the lived experiences of ordinary people.


  • Understand the various facets of extremism (problem identification)
  • Identify risk factors that contribute to extremism in society
  • Identify risk factors at the organizational level if CVE programming is implemented (security concerns etc.)
  • Develop security plans and contingencies if risks turn into viable threats
  • Identify at-risk regions and target audiences for programming
  • Conduct baseline surveys/focus group discussions/research in selected target areas
  • Draft a robust and coherent ‘theory of change’ for programming
  • Build partnerships and local connections (influencers in the community etc.)
  • Develop specialized content or including CVE principles in existing projects
  • Prioritize efforts to reduce multiple forms of violence (e.g. sectarian، political، ethnic، anti-state violence)
  • Agree evaluation metrics and key indicators for success
  • Test key assumptions
  • Implement programs
  • Acquire regular feedback from beneficiaries and adapt existing programs in line with the feedback received


HIVE [karachi] has built an extensive online archive of CVE resources:

Research articles

Our Research Database can be accessed here.

Find Articles

Multimedia Resource Library

Our Multimedia Resource Library can be accessed here.

Find Videos

Organizations Map

To learn about the organizations working on CVE all across Pakistan, check out our interactive map here.

See the Map


This Toolkit also offers a number of CVE materials produced by HIVE [karachi].

To request the materials, please complete the checklist below and enter your details in the form. The documents will be emailed to your inbox once we receive your request.

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